Many in Nepal may argue that the base of comparison like development, demography, geography etc. between India and Nepal are not similar, hence comparison in-between the two countries is meaningless. Based on this argument, many in Nepal suggest that any treaty between Nepal and India shall have to be relatively in Nepal’s favor. As a citizen of Nepal, I also support this argument on personal ground, however, many of my friends from bordering areas of India oppose this argument by saying, “If this is so, then let us have special consideration for adjacent Indian areas in the Indo-Nepal treaties, as they are comparable with Nepal”.
Keeping rhetoric apart! There shall not have to be any hesitation in learning the positive aspects of Indian state and its subjects. The issues of federalism/regionalism/identity are at its’ peak in Nepal during recent crucial time of constitution writing. The attitude of Indian union state towards north eastern people of India and Kashmiris are worth learning for Nepal. India never accused Mangoloid population of its north-east areas as Chinese or Burmese infiltrators. Their concern for identity and development has always been a matter of priority for Indian government at center. Almost every budget and law of India has special consideration for them. The settlement of non-Kashmiri population has been restricted in Kashmir by bringing in a special act. Many in Nepal often cite the vulnerability of Bihari population outside Bihar to justify Madheshies treatment in Nepal. The thing they ignore is, Bihari have their own state and adequate representation in all central machineries of India. They may be treated badly by the residents of other states due to their heavy migration. In Nepal Madhesh has relative geographic advantage, still its’ condition is worse than rural hilly states of India. Madheshies are no-where to see in state mechanisms even in Madhesh. Planned and unplanned migration from hills and unnatural exploitation of Chure has leaded to the displacement of many Madheshies and desertification of Madhesh.
The thing to worry is even now the ruling class of Nepal is in no mood to realize and rectify their mistakes, rather they are expressly and impliedly repeating it.